JUNE 18–22, 2017

Presentation Details

Name: A Framework for Out of Memory SVD Algorithms
Time: Wednesday, June 21, 2017
09:30 am - 10:00 am
Room:   Analog 1+2
Messe Frankfurt
Breaks:10:00 am - 11:00 am Coffee Break
Speaker:   Stanimire Tomov, University of Tennessee
Abstract:   Many important applications -- from big data analytics to information retrieval, gene expression analysis, and numerical weather prediction -- require the solution of large dense singular value decompositions (SVD). In many cases the problems are too large to fit into the computer's main memory, and thus require specialized {it out-of-core} algorithms that use disk storage. In this paper, we analyse the SVD communications, as related to hierarchical memories, and design a class of algorithms that minimizes them. This class includes out-of-core SVDs but can also be applied between other consecutive levels of the memory hierarchy, e.g., GPU SVD using the CPU memory for large problems. We call these {it out-of-memory} (OOM) algorithms. To design OOM SVDs, we first study the communications for both classical one-stage blocked SVD and two-stage tiled SVD. We present the theoretical analysis and strategies to design, as well as implement, these communication avoiding OOM SVD algorithms. We show performance results for multicore architecture that illustrate our theoretical findings and match our performance models. We also show that when matrices are tall, the OOM SVD can be improved significantly by performing OOM {it QR} decomposition first, followed by an in-memory SVD of the small upper triangular matrix {it R}. In case {it R} does not fit in-memory, an OOM SVD can be applied to it to still benefit from {it R}'s smaller size.